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PPTA@ZnO NWs的功能化修饰及导热绝缘纸基材料的制备与研究
Preparation of Thermal Conductive Insulation Paper Based Composite with Functionalized PPTA@ZnO Nanowires
收稿日期:2019-01-02  
DOI:10.11980/j.issn.0254-508X.2019.07.001
关键词:  芳纶纤维  氧化锌  硅烷偶联剂  导热系数  水热合成法  纸基复合材料
Key Words:aramid fiber  zinc oxide  silane coupling agent  thermal conductivity  hydrothermal synthesis  paper based composite
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年项目 51803110;陕西省自然科学基础研究计划一般项目 2019JQ-010;华南理工大学制浆造纸工程国家重点实验室开放基金资助项目 201733;轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心(陕西科技大学)开放课题资助项目 2018QGSJ02-01;陕西省科技厅科技统筹创新工程计划项目 2016KTCQ01-87国家自然科学基金青年项目(51803110);陕西省自然科学基础研究计划一般项目(2019JQ-010);华南理工大学制浆造纸工程国家重点实验室开放基金资助项目(201733);轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心(陕西科技大学)开放课题资助项目(2018QGSJ02-01);陕西省科技厅科技统筹创新工程计划项目(2016KTCQ01-87)。
作者单位邮编
谢璠 陕西科技大学轻工科学与工程学院陕西省造纸技术及特种纸品开发重点实验室轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心中国轻工业纸基功能材料重点实验室陕西西安710021
华南理工大学制浆造纸工程国家重点实验室广东广州510640 
510640
陈珊珊 陕西科技大学轻工科学与工程学院陕西省造纸技术及特种纸品开发重点实验室轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心中国轻工业纸基功能材料重点实验室陕西西安710021 710021
梁栩 陕西科技大学轻工科学与工程学院陕西省造纸技术及特种纸品开发重点实验室轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心中国轻工业纸基功能材料重点实验室陕西西安710021 710021
秦盼亮 陕西科技大学轻工科学与工程学院陕西省造纸技术及特种纸品开发重点实验室轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心中国轻工业纸基功能材料重点实验室陕西西安710021 710021
陆赵情 陕西科技大学轻工科学与工程学院陕西省造纸技术及特种纸品开发重点实验室轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心中国轻工业纸基功能材料重点实验室陕西西安710021 710021
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摘要:为了提高芳纶纤维纸基材料的导热性,通过水热合成法在对位芳纶纤维(PPTA)表面生长氧化锌纳米线(ZnO NWs),进一步用硅烷偶联剂KH550对PPTA@ZnO NWs进行功能化修饰,采用湿法造纸技术制备PPTA@ZnO NWs-KH550纸基复合材料并研究其导热性能、绝缘性能及力学性能。结果表明,ZnO NWs成功地均匀包覆在PPTA表面。与PPTA纸基复合材料相比,PPTA@ZnO NWs纸基复合材料的导热系数可达0.455W/(m·K),提高115.64%,且介电强度满足绝缘要求。经硅烷偶联剂KH550功能化修饰后,PPTA@ZnO NWs-KH550纸基复合材料导热系数较修饰前基本保持不变,呈现优异的绝缘性和良好的力学性能,介电强度增加3.69%,拉伸强度提高58.75%。
Abstract:Aramid fiber based paper materials have been widely used in electronic communication, military industry, aerospace and other fields owing to the excellent heat resistance, good electrical insulation capability and mechanical properties. However, the low thermal conductivity of aramid fiber largely limited the application of aramid fiber based paper materials in electronic devices, power systems, etc. Accordingly, an efficient work to improve the thermal conductivity of aramid fiber based paper materials was presented. In this paper, ZnO nanowires were grown on surface of para-aramid fiber(PPTA) by hydrothermal synthesis and were further functionalized with silane coupling agent KH550. Then, the PPTA@ZnO NWs-KH550 paper based composite was prepared by conventional papermaking process and thermal conductivity, insulation and mechanical properties of as-prepared composite were studied. Results showed that ZnO nanowires were successfully coated on the surface of PPTA. The thermal conductivity of PPTA@ZnO NWs paper based composite reached 0.455W/(m·K), increased by 115.64% compared with PPTA paper based composites. The dielectric strength of PPTA@ZnO NWs paper based composite mets the insulation requirements. After modified by silane coupling agent KH550, the thermal conductivity of PPTA@ZnO NWs-KH550 paper based composite was almost unchanged, the dielectric strength increased by 3.69% and the tensile strength increased by 58.75%, which indicated the composite exhibited excellent insulation and good mechanical properties.
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