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卷烟纸特性对短支卷烟主流烟气7种有害成分释放量及H值的影响
Effect of Cigarette Paper Characteristics on the Release of Seven Harmful Components and H Value of Short Cigarettes Mainstream Smoke
收稿日期:2021-01-19  
DOI:10.11980/j.issn.0254-508X.2021.06.009
关键词:  短支卷烟  卷烟纸  主流烟气  有害成分
Key Words:short cigarettes  cigarette paper  mainstream cigarette smoke  harmful components
基金项目:河南中烟工业有限责任公司科技项目“短支卷烟辅助材料综合设计及应用技术研究”(ZW201804)。
作者单位邮编
李国政 河南中烟工业有限责任公司技术中心河南郑州450000 450000
孙培建 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院烟草行业烟草化学重点实验室河南郑州450001 450001
高明奇 河南中烟工业有限责任公司技术中心河南郑州450000 450000
孟祥士 河南中烟工业有限责任公司技术中心河南郑州450000 450000
田海英 河南中烟工业有限责任公司技术中心河南郑州450000 450000
杨松 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院烟草行业烟草化学重点实验室河南郑州450001 450001
胡少东 河南中烟工业有限责任公司技术中心河南郑州450000 450000
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摘要:考察了不同卷烟纸透气度、定量、助燃剂含量、助燃剂钾/钠比及灰分对短支卷烟主流烟气7种有害成分释放量及卷烟危害性指数(H)值的影响。结果表明,对短支卷烟而言,卷烟纸透气度与CO、HCN、苯酚释放量呈显著的负相关关系,与巴豆醛释放量无明显相关性,其变化对HCN释放量的影响最大;卷烟纸定量与CO释放量呈显著正相关关系,与苯酚释放量呈显著负相关,其变化对苯酚释放量的影响最大;卷烟纸助燃剂含量和钾/钠比与7种有害成分释放量均呈负相关关系,其变化分别对苯并[α]芘和HCN释放量的影响最大;卷烟纸灰分与苯酚、CO、氨、苯并[α]芘、HCN均呈一定负相关关系,与巴豆醛和NNK无明显相关性,其变化对苯酚和CO释放量的影响较大;危害性指数H值与卷烟纸的透气度、助燃剂含量、助燃剂钾/钠比均呈显著的负相关关系,与卷烟纸定量及灰分呈一定的负相关关系。通过对卷烟纸特性参数的优化,有助于降低短支卷烟主流烟气7种有害成分释放量及危害指数。
Abstract:The effects of air permeability, grammage, content of combustion supporting agent, potassium/sodium ratio of combustion supporting agent and ash content of cigarette paper on the release of 7 harmful components and H value in the mainstream smoke of short cigarette were investigated. The results showed that the air permeability of cigarette paper was significantly negatively related to the release amount of CO, HCN and phenol. There was no significant correlation between the air permeability and the release amount of crotonaldehyde. The change of air permeability had the greatest influence on HCN release. There was a significant positive correlation between cigarette paper grammage and CO release amount. A significant negative correlation existed between cigarette paper grammage and phenol release amount. The change of grammage had the greatest impact on phenol release amount. The content of combustion supporting agent and the ratio of K/Na in cigarette paper were negatively correlated with the release amount of 7 harmful components, and had the greatest influence on the release amounts of Benzoapyrene and HCN, respectively. The ash content of cigarette paper had negative correlations with phenol, CO, ammonia, Benzoapyrene and HCN, but no obvious correlations with crotonaldehyde and NNK, and a greater influence on the release amounts of phenol and CO.The hazard index H value had significant negative correlations with the permeability of cigarette paper, the content of combustion supporting agent and the ratio of potassium/sodium of combustion supporting agent and had a certain negative correlation with the quantitative of cigarette paper and the ash content. By optimizing the characteristic parameters of cigarette paper, the release amount of 7 harmful components and hazard index of short cigarette could be reduced.
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