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木质素基超级电容器碳电极研究进展
Research Progress of Lignin-based Carbon Electrode for Supercapacitor
收稿日期:2021-06-03  
DOI:10.11980/j.issn.0254-508X.2021.12.016
关键词:  超级电容器  木质素  活性炭电极  模板炭电极  碳纤维电极
Key Words:supercapacitor  lignin  activated carbon electrode  template carbon electrode  carbon fiber electrode
基金项目:2021年第一批自治区创新环境(人才、基地)建设专项-自然科学计划(自然科学基金)联合基金项目(2021D01C101)。
作者单位邮编
张尊娥 新疆大学新疆乌鲁木齐830017 830017
克力木·吐鲁干 新疆大学新疆乌鲁木齐830017 830017
孙耀宁 新疆大学新疆乌鲁木齐830017 830017
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摘要:超级电容器是功率密度高、充放电速度快和安全可靠的绿色储能装置,其电极材料是超级电容器性能优劣的关键。可再生木质素具有含碳量高、来源广泛和成本低等优点,其通过活化、模板和纺丝等方法可制备出性能优异的木质素基超级电容器碳电极,具有较好的发展前景。本文主要介绍了木质素基超级电容器活性炭电极、模板炭电极和碳纤维电极,并对木质素基超级电容器碳电极的研究进行总结与展望,为新型高性能超级电容器电极材料的结构设计与制备提供参考。
Abstract:Supercapacitor was a safe and reliable green energy storage device with high power density, fast charging and discharging speed, of which the electrode material was the key to its performance. Due to the advantages of high carbon content, wide source and low cost, renewable lignin could be used to prepare lignin-based carbon electrodes for supercapacitors by activation, template and spinning, which had a good development prospect. The lignin-based activated carbon electrode, template carbon electrode and carbon fiber electrode for supercapacitor were introduced in this paper. The research on lignin-based carbon electrode for supercapacitors was summarized and prospected, which provided reference for the structure design and preparation of new high-performance electrode materials for supercapacitors.
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